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Ecuador is a republic in northwestern South America between Colombia and Peru, and has around 14 million inhabitants. Ecuador is almost as big as Italy with 283.560 square kilometers. The country is named after the equatorial line that passes through the territory, with the majority of the same being located in the southern hemisphere.


Ecuador is divided into four regions: Costa (Pacific Coast), Sierra (Andean Highlands), Oriente (Amazon Basin) and Galapagos (Archipelago in the Pacific). The capital located in the Andean Highlands (Sierra) (at an elevation of 2850 m) is Quito. The port city of Guayaquil is Ecuador’s largest city and lies in the Pacific coastal plain to the South. The Galápagos Islands are located in the Pacific Ocean about 1,000 km west of the coast.


The climate is tropical. The temperatures vary according to altitude.



© Regina Bauer

The population consists of 35% of the indigenous tribes of the native population and another 45% of Mestizo (mixed indigenous with immigrants of European descent). The remaining population is composed of Europeans, mostly Hispanic, and Afroecuadorians.

The national languages are Spanish, Kichwa and Shuar.



© Regina Bauer